Due to the variation of the load on the consumer end, the speed of the generator varies which
causes the frequency to change. It is a problem for the consumer as all the electrical
appliances are designed for specific frequency allowing a variation of usually 1% above
and below 50 Hz. A control unit is designed which will be connected between generator and the
load. A constant load will be maintained at the generator using a dummy load controlled by
Thyristors. Control Unit will check the line frequency and depending upon the value
produce specific pulses of required firing angle. These pulses will control the gate of
Thyristors to which our dummy load is connected.